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乡村振兴战略的基层公共图书馆建设研究

时间:2022-10-16 来源:未知 编辑:梦想论文 阅读:
The strategic goal of rural revitalization reflects the country's important determination to build a beautiful countryside and promote China's all-round development. The development of the countryside lies not only in material growth, but also in the inheritance and promotion of culture. People have very strong feelings for the countryside, and the development and construction of rural culture in China also affects the hearts of Chinese people. At present, the process of urbanization is in full swing, and how to communicate between rural culture and urban culture to narrow the gap is worthy of in-depth study. Based on the people-oriented concept, the development of rural culture should first improve the overall cultural quality of rural people. Based on this, building a grass-roots public library and relying on the library to carry out relevant cultural activities can improve the cultural quality of villagers and promote the process of reading for all. At the same time, with the rapid development of short video and We Media, the construction of grass-roots public libraries can broaden the learning channels of rural people, so that they will no longer be immersed in all kinds of fast food information, but improve their knowledge reserves through reading and participating in learning activities. Relying on grass-roots public libraries to carry out a variety of cultural activities will help improve the cultural quality of rural residents, accelerate the realization of the development goal of rural revitalization in China, and is also an important way to achieve cultural power.
 
The role of building grass-roots public libraries under the strategy of rural revitalization
 
Since the rural revitalization strategy was put forward, the gap between urban and rural areas has been improved, especially in terms of material living standards. However, in reality, due to the differences in infrastructure and the mobility of people, the cultural gap between urban and rural residents is still expanding. At the same time, the rural economy has steadily improved, and the rural people have higher aspirations in the spiritual and cultural level. Based on this, building grass-roots public libraries and vigorously playing the role of grass-roots public libraries will help to enhance the cultural image of the countryside, meet the internal cultural needs of the masses, achieve the goal of cultural support for farmers and help farmers, and create a new atmosphere for rural development.
 
Clarify the New Position of Grass roots Public Library
 
Grass roots public libraries are mainly set up in rural areas and urban and rural fringe areas, including public libraries in rural areas, rural libraries, rural cultural sites and other relevant cultural organizations. It provides great convenience for the rural people in their daily study and entertainment. At the same time, in the new era, the development of new agriculture relying on science and technology needs new agricultural talents. The construction of grass-roots public libraries helps villagers to acquire relevant knowledge, keep pace with the times, and meet the needs of current agricultural development. The activities of supporting agriculture with science and technology carried out by relying on grass-roots public libraries are conducive to training backbone talents and providing talent support for building a beautiful countryside in China.
 
Grass roots Public Library Helps to Build Beautiful Countryside
 
Grass roots public libraries are of great significance to comprehensively improve the cultural level of our people and promote the development of modern society. First of all, the countryside has a long history and profound cultural accumulation, which is the emotional sustenance of the masses. Grass roots public libraries are a powerful platform for cultural transmission and memory storage in rural areas. They have played a certain role of inheritance and innovation in preserving and carrying forward the beautiful rural history and culture, and have also increased the people's sense of identity with rural culture. Secondly, grass-roots public libraries provide convenient cultural learning conditions for the people in rural and marginal urban and rural areas, and enrich their cultural knowledge reserves. Finally, the construction of grass-roots public libraries provides convenient learning opportunities for "left behind" people. For example, improve the knowledge literacy of women left behind in rural areas and effectively increase their opportunities to work near their residences; Increase humanistic care for left behind children, and carry out relevant borrowing and learning activities according to their interest characteristics; Enrich the entertainment life of the left behind elderly.
 
The construction direction of grass-roots public libraries under the strategy of rural revitalization
 
At present, people rely more and more on electronic mobile terminal equipment, which is also common in rural areas. Therefore, when building grass-roots public libraries, we need to closely combine the actual situation of current social and economic development, and also consider the current situation of people's reading. At the same time, the construction of grass-roots libraries needs to combine the strategy of rural revitalization, create a solid cultural service platform, and inject cultural nourishment into farmers in the new era.
 
Integrate into local environment and highlight practicability
 
Grass roots public libraries occupy a small area, but their design elements should not only include the characteristics of general libraries to promote public welfare culture, but also integrate with the local environment. The external architectural style, outdoor landscape design and outdoor reading layout concept of the grass-roots public library need to be carefully considered. The construction of grass-roots public library should highlight its practicality, and the corresponding reading area can be designed in combination with the characteristics of the main local readers.
 
Fully consider the difference of local people's needs
 
Grass roots public libraries have their own particularities. The age structure of the audience they face is complex, the cultural level is uneven, and the individual needs are obviously different. The construction of grass-roots public libraries should focus on the individual needs of readers of different ages, and combine the characteristics of local people to carry out relevant work. The development of the countryside can not be separated from the support of the local characteristic economy, and the corresponding planting and breeding books can be selected in the library collection. Rural children and their parents are the main groups involved in the use of grass-roots public libraries. Therefore, the construction of grass-roots public libraries can set up corresponding parent-child reading areas, and provide some children's and parenting books. At the same time, grass-roots public libraries can set up outdoor reading sites for elderly readers and provide corresponding health books. In addition, the construction of grass-roots public libraries needs to consider the problem of capital investment. We cannot blindly expand the number of books in the library. We need to carefully analyze the age structure and reading needs of local rural people and provide corresponding books.
 
Analysis of the current situation of the construction of grass-roots public libraries under the strategy of rural revitalization
 
If the construction of grass-roots public libraries is to play a role, it needs to attract the majority of villagers to participate in it. Most grassroots public libraries face the dilemma of being empty and without readers. At the same time, the local government did not pay enough attention to the development of grass-roots public libraries, and the investment was insufficient. It could not effectively play the functions of the library only as a local image project. In addition, grass-roots public libraries lack professional and efficient work teams to provide local people with corresponding cultural training services. Public libraries in many rural areas have become decorations, which violates the original intention of "cultural service" and cannot effectively serve the rural cultural construction.

Small building area and weak literature resources
 
The lack of financial support for the construction and development of public libraries at the grass-roots level, on the one hand, leads to the small area of the library, on the other hand, leads to the lack of literature resources in the library. With the construction of the new countryside, people have a higher demand for cultural knowledge. However, the development of grass-roots public libraries is constrained by funds, resulting in that the library scale and book resources cannot meet the reading needs of local residents. In addition, the informatization construction of grass-roots public libraries is lagging behind, the relevant facilities are not sound, and the digital resources are being updated slowly, which makes it impossible to effectively use the network platform to interact with the audience in real time.
 
The number of grass-roots public libraries is small and the publicity is not in place
 
The number of public libraries in China has always been lower than the international standard. According to the Statistical Bulletin of National Economic and Social Development in 2021, the number of public libraries in China will reach 3217 by 2021, with an average of 439100 people. Some newly built grass-roots public libraries are not convenient for people to read nearby. From the perspective of daily work and rest, rural residents are busy with various farming activities during the day, and the library is closed at night. The intersection of the two is often limited to a very short time, which virtually causes difficulties in library borrowing. At the same time, after the establishment of grass-roots public libraries, there is often a lack of awareness of publicity, which leads to local residents being unaware of the existence of libraries for a long time, and the average number of rural residents entering the library is far lower than that of urban residents.
 
Lack of professional and efficient work team
 
Grass roots public library is an important cultural front for rural revitalization. However, due to insufficient capital investment, it is impossible to hire professional book management talents, which leads to the restriction of human resources on the construction and development of grass-roots public libraries. At the same time, because most of the grass-roots libraries are built in villages and towns, the conditions are relatively simple, which cannot attract young talents for employment. At present, most of the staff of grass-roots libraries are part-time workers, lacking the corresponding professional management and service business knowledge, lacking the corresponding understanding of the management and preservation of books, and unable to provide high-quality services for readers. Some rural libraries even show a "idle" state.
 
Strategies for the construction of grass-roots public libraries under the strategy of rural revitalization
 
Under the strategy of rural revitalization, we must attach great importance to the construction and development of grass-roots public libraries, which requires the full support of the local government, and increase publicity and investment of funds and talents. At the same time, in the new era, it is necessary to effectively promote the informatization construction of grass-roots public libraries, integrate online resources through various network platforms, strengthen cooperation with cultural departments, and build and improve the local cultural service complex. In addition, the development of grass-roots public libraries cannot be separated from the construction of professional talents. Corresponding talent attraction plans and talent reserve plans should be formulated to build a professional librarian team.
 
Strengthen publicity and improve the public image of grass-roots public libraries
 
As most rural residents mainly plant or breed, they spend most of their time in specific farming, and they often lack the corresponding understanding of reading and learning in the library. This requires the grass-roots public library to go deep into the village and focus on the publicity and exhibition of the books in the library, especially those closely related to the lives of local villagers, so that local residents can understand the types of books in the library.
 
At the same time, the publicity work of grass-roots public libraries also needs the assistance of relevant local government departments to build a convenient publicity channel, improve the public image status of the library, and improve the local residents' understanding of the library. In addition, relevant staff need to establish long-term contact with local village committees, schools, township enterprises and other departments, carry out various activities, expand the coverage of library services, and improve public awareness of grass-roots public libraries.
 
Build a professional team of librarians
 
An important aspect of rural revitalization is the revitalization of rural culture. How to improve the knowledge level of rural people and arm their minds with scientific, technological and cultural knowledge is crucial. Based on this, grass-roots public libraries need to improve the content and quality of their own cultural services, which requires a team of qualified professionals. On the one hand, grass-roots public libraries need to improve the salaries of relevant staff and attract talents to participate in grass-roots cultural construction; On the other hand, grass-roots public libraries need to compete with the superior units to form a solid channel for talent transfer, and the superior units should also vigorously support the establishment of a corresponding talent training and talent promotion mechanism. At the same time, we should improve the service level of the relevant staff of the grass-roots public library, create a harmonious atmosphere in the library, and gradually make readers take reading in the library as a daily habit.
 
Increasing capital investment and promoting the informatization construction of grass-roots public libraries is the guarantee for the healthy development of grass-roots public libraries. On the one hand, the government needs to attach great importance to the development needs of grass-roots public libraries and give appropriate financial support; On the other hand, grass-roots public libraries need to scientifically formulate their own development plans, increase income and reduce expenditure, and ensure that they can promote their own healthy development with the help of superior public libraries under the limited human and material resources. At the same time, we will increase the informatization construction of grass-roots public libraries, place digital readers in public places in villages and towns, vigorously use new media technology to push digital reading resources for township residents, and transfer scientific and cultural knowledge.
 
At the same time, based on the current enthusiasm for e-books, relevant e-book reading service areas should be set up to help middle-aged and elderly readers download relevant e-book apps. In addition, the construction of grass-roots public libraries needs to fully consider the regional characteristics of local rural areas. Since the villages are far away from each other, we can arrange corresponding reading aids in each village in the area covered by them (which can be taken by villagers with high cultural level) to build a mobile reading room for people to read online and offline. The construction of grass-roots public libraries should closely follow the current reality, effectively consider the actual reading needs of villagers, and stimulate the reading enthusiasm of rural people. Especially in special periods when offline services cannot be carried out, online reading activities can provide more convenient services for the masses.
 
Respecting the Individual Needs of Library Readers
 
The people are the main body of the construction and application of grass-roots public libraries, and their needs must be paid attention to when carrying out space design. Grass roots public libraries are a bridge for cultural communication between urban residents and local rural residents, providing convenience for enriching people's daily life. However, due to the different knowledge structure, types of work and daily life of the groups who come to the library to read, their needs for reading are also different. Therefore, during the construction of the library, it is necessary to respect the inner needs of different reading groups, create a semi closed and semi open area that combines the closed area with the open area, innovate the use area of readers, promote the construction of the library area in combination with the local rural daily life habits, and effectively improve the cultural literacy of the local people.
 
The library should hold corresponding public science popularization activities, improve the scientific and cultural level of the rural people, and advocate changing customs; Corresponding scientific and technological training or cultural training activities can also be held regularly to help develop agriculture through science and technology and culture. In addition, the superior business department can regularly carry out cultural activities aimed at different groups in the grass-roots libraries in towns, villages and other places, such as strengthening the construction of grass-roots party organizations, book donation, public lectures, speech contests and other activities of interest to rural people, so as to provide high-quality cultural services for villagers. By embracing and accepting different reading groups, we can provide rich knowledge and good experience, make readers happier in the process of reading and learning in public libraries, and promote the construction of spiritual civilization.
 
The construction of grass-roots public libraries is an important part of the strategy of rural revitalization. As an important position of cultural revitalization in the strategy of rural revitalization, grass-roots public libraries are also important promoters of local spiritual and cultural construction, and play a great role in promoting China's goal of becoming a cultural power. Local government departments should seize the favorable opportunity proposed by the rural revitalization strategy, strengthen the construction of grass-roots public libraries, combine local regional culture, highlight regional characteristics, accommodate different reading groups, respect the personalized needs of library readers, and strive to build a professional librarian team, so as to improve the overall quality of rural people and promote the vigorous development of rural culture.

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